Essential Fluid Dynamics

Essential Fluid Dynamics

For Scientists

Jonathan Braithwaite
ISBN: 9781681745961 | PDF ISBN: 9781681745978
Copyright © 2018 | 156 Pages | Publication Date: January, 2018

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This book provides an introduction to fluid mechanics, a subject essential for students and researchers in many branches of science. It illustrates fundamental principles with a variety of examples drawn mainly from astrophysics and geophysics as well as from everyday experiences. In this way, the reader will develop an intuitive understanding which can then be applied in other contexts. For example, a hydraulic shock forms as water from a tap spreads out across the surface of a wash basin, which is correlated to astrophysical shocks.

The content of the book is as follows. A derivation of the basic equations is followed by discussions of the properties of these equations and related phenomena. This includes the following: steady and unsteady flow, Bernoulli's equation and the function of aerofoils; sub- and supersonic flow and compressibility; jets, nozzles, accretion and stellar winds; various waves and instabilities; viscosity; shocks; vorticity and rotating fluids. The last two chapters are a self-contained introduction to magnetohydrodynamics and some relevant astrophysical contexts. Note that in contrast to texts aimed at engineers, there is only a brief discussion here of the interaction of fluids with solids, for instance of boundary layers and pipe flow; students interested in designing turbines or fighter planes will therefore need to do some additional reading. Prior familiarity with basic thermodynamics and vector calculus is assumed.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Some basic concepts
Steady flow of an ideal fluid
Viscosity
Waves and instabilities
Vorticity and rotating fluids
Magnetohydrodynamics: equations and basic concepts
MHD: astrophysical contexts

About the Author(s)

Jonathan Braithwaite
While studying physics at Wadham College, Oxford, Jonathan Braithwaite took up gliding. Wanting to get even higher and thinking the stars might have something to teach us, he entered astrophysics. He obtained his PhD at the Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik in Munich in cooperation with the Universiteit van Amsterdam. The stars are theoretically the same everywhere so he was able to follow this up with a stint at the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics in Toronto before moving back to Germany to work at the university in Bonn, where he taught the course on hydrodynamics that led to this book. His research has concentrated on hydrodynamics and magneto hydrodynamics in a number of astronomical contexts including stars of various kinds as well as the interstellar and intergalactic media, with a particular focus on the magnetic fields of upper-main-sequence stars and neutron stars. In 2015 he left full-time research to devote his time to various environmental and international development projects as a matter of the heart.

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