Advances in Thermodynamics of the van der Waals Fluid

Advances in Thermodynamics of the van der Waals Fluid

David C Johnston
ISBN: 9781627055314 | PDF ISBN: 9781627055321
Copyright © 2014 | 118 Pages | Publication Date: 09/01/2014

BEFORE YOU ORDER: You may have Academic or Corporate access to this title. Click here to find out: 10.1088/978-1-627-05532-1

Ordering Options: Paperback $50.00   E-book $40.00   Paperback & E-book Combo $62.50

Why pay full price? Members receive 15% off all orders.
Learn More Here

Read Our Digital Content License Agreement (pop-up)

Purchasing Options:

The van der Waals mean-field theory of fluids was formulated by Johannes Diderik van der Waals in 1873 and augmented by Maxwell in 1875. It is the first theory that predicts a phase transition from interactions between particles. However, the thermodynamic properties of fluids (gases or liquids) derived from the van der Waals equation of state and free energy have not been thoroughly studied previously. This book is a comprehensive exposition of the thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid, which includes a review of past work together with presentation the author's recent extensive studies. The main goal of the book is to provide a graphical overview of the many interesting and diverse thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid through plots of these properties versus various independent parameters. The data for these plots are obtained from formulas derived herein, some of which have previously appeared in the literature. Many results not amenable to graphical illustration are also included.

Table of Contents

Background and Nomenclature: The Ideal Gas
van der Waals Intermolecular Interaction Parameters
Thermodynamic Variables and Propertis in Terms of the van der Waals Interaction Parameters
van der Waals Equation of State, Reduced Variable and Laws of Corresponding States
Equilibrium Pressure-volume, Temperature-volume, and Pressure-temperature Phase Diagrams
Lekner's Parametric Solution of the Coexistence Curve and Associate Properties
Static Critical Exponents
Superheating and Supercooling
Additional Numerical Calculations of Thermodynamic Properties
Adiabatic Free Expansion and Joule-Thomson Expansion

About the Author(s)

David C Johnston, Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University
Dr David C Johnston is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa. He received his BA and PhD degrees in Physics from the University of California at Santa Barbara and the University of California at San Diego, respectively. Prior to joining Iowa State University, he carried out research at the Corporate Research Laboratories of Exxon Research and Engineering Company in Annandale, NJ. His research area is experimental solid state physics, with an emphasis on the measurement and theoretical modeling of the electronic, magnetic, thermal and superconducting properties of solids. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a former Divisional Associate Editor of the journal Physical Review Letters.


The outstanding feature of Advances… is its completeness. If you have ever encountered a problem in understanding or analyzing an aspect of the vdW fluid, the solution to your problem is outlined here. Johnston slowly and incrementally explores every feature of the vdW fluid including its relation to the Lennard-Jones potential via a mean field approximation, its free energy and chemical potential, bulk properties, critical point, corresponding states, Maxwell construction, coexistence region, lever rule, and order parameter. The vdW fluid, unlike the ideal gas, is a perfect test-bed for thermodynamic concepts. Most of the material in this text is appropriate for an undergraduate thermal physics course. After all, the physics of the gas–liquid phase transition is motivated by the every day experience of making coffee or tea. Still, the book is organized more as an encyclopedic reference than as a textbook introducing the subject. Its results are presented in well-organized text, equations, graphs, and tables. Johnston does not waste words—or his reader's time. Only once did I question whether a topic, in this case, the "Boyle point," was worth the space allotted. The book's production values are high and Johnston has taken great care in its composition. I checked much of its mathematics and many of its internal references and found no problems. Every thermodynamicist who teaches or does research should own a copy of this book.
Don S. Lemons - Bethel College, Kansas (retired)

Reviews (1)
Browse by Subject
Case Studies in Engineering
ACM Books
IOP Concise Physics
SEM Books
0 items

Note: Registered customers go to: Your Account to subscribe.

E-Mail Address:

Your Name: