An Introduction to the Gas Phase

An Introduction to the Gas Phase

Claire Vallance
ISBN: 9781681746937 | PDF ISBN: 9781681746920
Copyright © 2018 | 56 Pages | Publication Date: December, 2017

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An Introduction to the Gas Phase is adapted from a set of lecture notes for a core first year lecture course in physical chemistry taught at the University of Oxford. The book is intended to give a relatively concise introduction to the gas phase at a level suitable for any undergraduate scientist. After defining the gas phase, properties of gases such as temperature, pressure, and volume are discussed. The relationships between these properties are explained at
a molecular level, and simple models are introduced that allow the various gas laws to be derived from first principles. Finally, the collisional behavior of gases is used to explain a
number of gas-phase phenomena, such as effusion, diffusion, and thermal conductivity.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Pressure and Temperature
3. Relationships Between Gas Properties: The Gas Laws
4. Ideal Gases and Real Gases
5. A Molecular Perspective: The Kinetic Theory of Gases and the Molecular Speed Distribution
6. Collision Rates in Gases
7. Transport of Gases

About the Author(s)

Claire Vallance, University of Oxford
Claire Vallance is a Professor of Physical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, and Tutorial Fellow in Physical Chemistry at Hertford College, Oxford. She grew up in the UK and New Zealand, and holds B.Sc.(hons) and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Canterbury (Christchurch, NZ). Her current research interests include chemical reaction dynamics, the use of optical microcavities in chemical sensing applications, and the development of spectroscopic techniques for use during cardiovascular surgery and neurosurgery. She has given lecture courses on chemical kinetics, properties of gases, symmetry and group theory, reaction dynamics, and astrochemistry, as well as numerous outreach and public engagement lectures, and her tutorial teaching spans the breadth of physical chemistry. She is author of over 90 journal articles, four book chapters, nine patents, an e-Textbook on Symmetry and Group Theory, the textbooks Astrochemistry: from the Big Bang to the Present Day, and An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics, and also co-edited the textbook Tutorials in Molecular Reaction Dynamics.

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