Semantics in Mobile Sensing

Semantics in Mobile Sensing

Zhixian Yan, Dipanjan Chakraborty
ISBN: 9781627053907 | PDF ISBN: 9781627053914
Copyright © 2014 | 143 Pages | Publication Date: 05/01/2014

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The dramatic progress of smartphone technologies has ushered in a new era of mobile sensing, where traditional wearable on-body sensors are being rapidly superseded by various embedded sensors in our smartphones. For example, a typical smartphone today, has at the very least a GPS, WiFi, Bluetooth, triaxial accelerometer, and gyroscope. Alongside, new accessories are emerging such as proximity, magnetometer, barometer, temperature, and pressure sensors. Even the default microphone can act as an acoustic sensor to track noise exposure for example. These sensors act as a "lens" to understand the user's context along different dimensions.

Data can be passively collected from these sensors without interrupting the user. As a result, this new era of mobile sensing has fueled significant interest in understanding what can be extracted from such sensor data both instantaneously as well as considering volumes of time series from these sensors. For example, GPS logs can be used to determine automatically the significant places associated to a user's life (e.g., home, office, shopping areas). The logs may also reveal travel patterns, and how a user moves from one place to another (e.g., driving or using public transport). These may be used to proactively inform the user about delays, relevant promotions from shops, in his "regular" route. Similarly, accelerometer logs can be used to measure a user's average walking speed, compute step counts, gait identification, and estimate calories burnt per day. The key objective is to provide better services to end users.

The objective of this book is to inform the reader of the methodologies and techniques for extracting meaningful information (called "semantics") from sensors on our smartphones. These techniques form the cornerstone of several application areas utilizing smartphone sensor data. We discuss technical challenges and algorithmic solutions for modeling and mining knowledge from smartphone-resident sensor data streams. This book devotes two chapters to dive deep into a set of highly available, commoditized sensors---the positioning sensor (GPS) and motion sensor (accelerometer). Furthermore, this book has a chapter devoted to energy-efficient computation of semantics, as battery life is a major concern on user experience.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Semantic Trajectories from Positioning Sensors
Semantic Activities from Motion Sensors
Energy-Efficient Computation of Semantics from Sensors
Conclusion
Bibliography
Authors' Biographies

About the Author(s)

Zhixian Yan, EPFL Switzerland

Dipanjan Chakraborty, IBM Research India

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