This book links the challenges to which the electricity network is exposed with the range of new technology, methodologies and market mechanisms known under the name "smart grid." The main challenges will be described by the way in which they impact the electricity network: the introduction of renewable electricity production, energy efficiency, the introduction and further opening of the electricity market, increasing demands for reliability and voltage quality, and the growing need for more transport capacity in the grid. Three fundamentally different types of solutions are distinguished in this book: solutions only involving the electricity network (like HVDC and active distribution networks), solutions including the network users but under the control of the network operator (like requirements on production units and curtailment), and fully market-driven solutions (like demand response). An overview is given of the various solutions to the challenges that are possible with new technology; this includes some that are actively discussed elsewhere and others that are somewhat forgotten.
Linking the different solutions with the needs of the electricity network, in the light of the various challenges, is a recurring theme in this book.
Table of Contents
Solutions in the Grid
Participation of Network Users
About the Author(s)Math Bollen
, Lulea University of Technology
Math Bollen received the MSc and PhD degrees from the Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, in 1985 and 1989, respectively. He has among others been a lecturer at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, and professor in electric power systems at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. Currently, he is professor in electric power engineering at Lulea University of Technology, Sweden; senior specialist at STRI AB, Gothenburg, Sweden; and technical expert at the Energy Markets Inspectorate, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
Math Bollen is one of the leading researchers in power systems, having published over 300 technical papers in journals and at conferences on a range of subjects. He has defined voltage dips as a research area and more recently harmonic distortion in the frequency range 2 to 150kHz. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and recipient of the CIGRE Technical Committee Award.