The Taxobook Part 1

The Taxobook Part 1
History, Theories, and Concepts of Knowledge Organization, Part 1 of a 3-Part Series

Marjorie Hlava
ISBN: 9781627055789 | PDF ISBN: 9781627055796
Copyright © 2015 | 80 Pages | Publication Date: 10/01/2014

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This is the first volume in a series about creating and maintaining taxonomies and their practical applications, especially in search functions.

In Book 1 (The Taxobook: History, Theories, and Concepts of Knowledge Organization), the author introduces the very foundations of classification, starting with the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle, as well as Theophrastus and the Roman Pliny the Elder. They were first in a line of distinguished thinkers and philosophers to ponder the organization of the world around them and attempt to apply a structure or framework to that world.

The author continues by discussing the works and theories of several other philosophers from Medieval and Renaissance times, including Saints Aquinas and Augustine, William of Occam, Andrea Cesalpino, Carl Linnaeus, and Rene Descartes. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, John Locke, Immanuel Kant, James Frederick Ferrier, Charles Ammi Cutter, and Melvil Dewey contributed greatly to the theories of classification systems and knowledge organization. Cutter and Dewey, especially, created systems that are still in use today. Chapter 8 covers the contributions of Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan, who is considered by many to be the "father of modern library science." He created the concept of faceted vocabularies, which are widely used (even if they are not well understood) on many e-commerce websites.

Following the discussions and historical review, the author has included a glossary that covers all three books of this series so that it can be referenced as you work your way through the second and third volumes. The author believes that it is important to understand the history of knowledge organization and the differing viewpoints of various philosophers; even if that understanding is only that the differing viewpoints simply exist. Knowing the differing viewpoints will help answer the fundamental questions: Why do we want to build taxonomies? How do we build them to serve multiple points of view?

Table of Contents

List of Figures
Preface
Acknowledgments
Origins of Knowledge Organization Theory: Early Philosophy of Knowledge
Saints and Traits: Realism and Nominalism
Arranging the glowers…and the Birds, and the Insects, and Everything Else: Early Naturalists and Taxonomies
The Age of Enlightenment Impacts Knowledge Theory
18th-Century Developments: Knowledge Theory Coming to the Foreground
High Resolution: Classification Sharpens in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Outlining the World and Its Parts
Facets: An Indian Mathematician and Children's Toys at Selfridge's
Points of Knowledge
Glossary

About the Author(s)

Marjorie Hlava, Access Innovations, Inc., Albuquerque, New Mexico
Marjorie M.K. Hlava and her team have worked with or built over 600 controlled vocabularies. Their experience is shared with you in this book. Margie is well known internationally for her work in the implementation of information science principles and the ever-evolving technology that supports them. She and the team at Access Innovations have provided the "back room" operations for many information-related organizations over the last 40 years. Margie is very active in the main organizations concerned with those areas. She has served as president of NFAIS (the National Federation of Advanced Information Services); that organization awarded her the Anne Marie Cunningham Memorial Award for Exemplary Volunteer Service to the Federation in 2012, as well as the Miles Conrad lectureship in 2014. She has also served as president of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), which has awarded her the prestigious Watson Davis Award and their top honor, the ASIS&T Award of Merit. She has served two terms on the Board of Directors of the Special Libraries Association (SLA); SLA has honored her with their President's Award for her work in standards and has made her a Fellow of the SLA for her many other services within the organization. More recently, she served as the founding chair of SLA's Taxonomy Division.

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