Information Concepts

Information Concepts
From Books to Cyberspace Identities

Gary Marchionini
ISBN: 9781598299625 | PDF ISBN: 9781598299632
Copyright © 2010 | 105 Pages | Publication Date: 01/01/2010

BEFORE YOU ORDER: You may have Academic or Corporate access to this title. Click here to find out: 10.2200/S00306ED1V01Y201010ICR016

Ordering Options: Paperback $30.00   E-book $24.00   Paperback & E-book Combo $37.50


Why pay full price? Members receive 15% off all orders.
Learn More Here

Read Our Digital Content License Agreement (pop-up)

Purchasing Options:



Information is essential to all human activity, and information in electronic form both amplifies and augments human information interactions. This lecture surveys some of the different classical meanings of information, focuses on the ways that electronic technologies are affecting how we think about these senses of information, and introduces an emerging sense of information that has implications for how we work, play, and interact with others. The evolutions of computers and electronic networks and people's uses and adaptations of these tools manifesting a dynamic space called cyberspace. Our traces of activity in cyberspace give rise to a new sense of information as instantaneous identity states that I term proflection of self. Proflections of self influence how others act toward us. Four classical senses of information are described as context for this new form of information. The four senses selected for inclusion here are the following: thought and memory, communication process, artifact, and energy. Human mental activity and state (thought and memory) have neurological, cognitive, and affective facets.The act of informing (communication process) is considered from the perspective of human intentionality and technical developments that have dramatically amplified human communication capabilities. Information artifacts comprise a common sense of information that gives rise to a variety of information industries. Energy is the most general sense of information and is considered from the point of view of physical, mental, and social state change. This sense includes information theory as a measurable reduction in uncertainty. This lecture emphasizes how electronic representations have blurred media boundaries and added computational behaviors that yield new forms of information interaction, which, in turn, are stored, aggregated, and mined to create profiles that represent our cyber identities.

Table of Contents

The Many Meanings of Information
Information as Thought and Memory
Information as Communication Process
Information as Artifact
Information as Energy
Information as Identity in Cyberspace: The Fifth Voice
Conclusion and Directions

About the Author(s)

Gary Marchionini, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Gary Marchionini is the Cary C. Boshamer Professor of Information Science in the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His Ph.D. is from Wayne State University in mathematics education with an emphasis on educational computing. His research interests are in information seeking in electronic environments, digital libraries, human-computer interaction, digital government and information technology policy. He has had grants or contracts from the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Education, the Council on Library Resources, the National Library of Medicine, the Library of Congress, the Kellogg Foundation, and NASA, among others. He was the Conference Chair for the 1996 ACM Digital Library Conference and program chair for the 2002 ACM-IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries. He is editor-in-chief for "ACM Transactions on Information Systems" and serves on the editorial boards of a dozen scholarly journals. He has published more than 150 articles, chapters, and conference papers in the information science, computer science, and education literatures. He founded the Interaction Design Laboratory at UNC-CH.

Reviews

Browse by Subject
Case Studies in Engineering
ACM Books
IOP Concise Physics
SEM Books
0 items
LATEST NEWS

Newsletter
Note: Registered customers go to: Your Account to subscribe.

E-Mail Address:

Your Name: