Geographical Design

Geographical Design

Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science

Stephen Hirtle
ISBN: 9781608455959 | PDF ISBN: 9781608455966
Copyright © 2011 | 67 Pages | Publication Date: 01/01/2011

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With GIS technologies ranging from Google Maps and Google Earth to the use of smart phones and in-car navigation systems, spatial knowledge is often acquired and communicated through geographic information technologies. This monograph describes the interplay between spatial cognition research and use of spatial interfaces. It begins by reviewing what is known about how humans process spatial concepts and then moves on to discuss how interfaces can be improved to take advantage of those capabilities. Special attention is given to a variety of innovative geographical platforms that provide users with an intuitive understanding and support the further acquisition of spatial knowledge. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the number of outstanding issues, including the changing nature of maps as the primary spatial interface, concerns about privacy for spatial information, and a look at the future of user-centered spatial information systems.

Table of Contents

Spatial Cognition
Cognitive Interfaces for Wayfinding
Open Issues
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About the Author(s)

Stephen Hirtle, University of Pittsburgh
Dr. Stephen C. Hirtle is a Professor in the School of Information Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh, with joint appointments in the Department of Psychology and Intelligent Systems Program. He directs the Spatial Information Research Group at the University of Pittsburgh, which conducts research on the structure of cognitive maps, navigation in real and virtual spaces, and computational models for spatial cognition. Dr. Hirtle was the founding co-editor of Spatial Cognition and Computation and past-president of the Classification Society of North America. He has had visiting appointments in Geoinformation at the Technical University of Vienna in Austria, Computer Science at Molde College in Norway, the Artificial Intelligence Research Group at the Auckland University of Technology in New Zealand, and Geoinformatics at the University of Augsburg in Germany. He hosted the first North American meeting of International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT'97), in the Laurel Highlands, outside of Pittsburgh, PA, in October of 1997 and co-chaired the NCGIA Varenius Panel on "Cognitive Models of Dynamic Phenomena and Their Representations" in October of 1998 with Alan MacEachren. He has also served on the Board of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science.


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